Solar Panel Design (An Essential for Harnessing Solar Energy)
Over the years, solar panel systems have been popular because of their ability to provide an alternative source of energy in a manner that is eco-friendly and cost-efficient. While solar panels can indeed be beneficial in providing residential and commercial establishment with cleaner electricity, the benefits that can be reaped will depend on a number of factors. With this, one of the most important things that should be given emphasis would be solar panel design. This will refer to the way it is constructed, specifically the materials that have been used.
The following are some of the reasons why solar panel design is important:
- Ease of Installation: The design of solar panels will have a lot to do when it comes to ease of installation. If you intend to have it installed on your own, it is important that it is designed in a manner that lacks complications. It must be easy to put together, which means that you will not need the help of a professional. Nonetheless, to be sure that the installation will be right, it is highly-recommended that you ask for assistance from the pros.
- Durability: Generally speaking, solar panels are long lasting. They can easily survive up to 25 years. Nonetheless, there are various factors that will have an impact on its functional life. If you live in an area that is windy or in a place where there are storms, choose a design that can withstand even the harshest weather conditions.
- Power Efficiency: This is perhaps one of the most important reasons why the design of solar panels will matter. The goal is to be able to choose one that is most efficient. This means that it will be able to attract the most energy from the sun, providing you with more electricity. It is also important to make sure that it is going to be designed in such a way that it will perform well even in cloudy conditions.
Design of Solar Panels
The following are some of the most common designs of solar panels that are available in the market today.
Monocrystalline Solar Panels
When it comes to efficiency, this is perhaps the best choice for solar panel design. It started in the 1950s, but it is still popular today. This type of solar panel is easy to recognize. It is made from silicone that is cut in a cylindrical manner. The silicone looks like a wafer. If you see solar panels with uniform and colored look, they most probably fall under this category. Since it is made from pure silicone, one of its biggest advantages is that it is highly efficient. They are also known for being impressive when it comes to space efficiency. You do not need to have a generously-sized area for these panels. In addition, they can also perform excellently even when they are in low-light conditions. One of the drawbacks, however, is that they can be costly. They are also maintenance-intensive. Dirt and shade can reduce the efficiency of monocrystalline panels by as much as 20%.
Polycrystalline Solar Panels
While the usual color of monocrystalline solar panel is black, polycrystalline solar panels are dark or light blue. Their multifaceted design is one more thing that will make it easy to have it differentiated from other designs of solar panels. Generally speaking, its functional life can be as much as 25 years. One of its biggest advantages is its economical price, which is believed to be 30 to 50% cheaper compared to monocrystalline solar panels. However, because it is not made from pure silicone, one of its drawbacks is that it may lack efficiency. In addition, they are also large, and hence, you will need to have a bigger space for their installation.
Thin-Film Solar Panels
This is another option that can prove to be perfect for the budget-conscious buyer. Compared to the two designs of solar panels that have been mentioned earlier, this is the cheapest. However, given the fact that it is cheap, there is also a downside. Compared to mono and polycrystalline solar panels, it is the least efficient. These panels are beneficial because they are lightweight. In addition, it is also a good thing that they can resist low light and shading, making sure that its functionality is not affected by such. Aside from low efficiency, another disadvantage is that large space is required. The cost can also be high, especially because of the number of components that will be required. The lifespan is also relatively short because they are prone to weatherization.
Building Integrated Photovoltaics
The design of this type of solar panel is easy to distinguish. They look like they are actual roofing tiles or shingles. Their biggest advantage is aesthetics. Nonetheless, this comes with a price, which is why it is also going to be a costly option. It is not just one type of solar panel technology, but can be an integration of different types. It can provide seamless integration to the roof of your house or commercial establishment. Another disadvantage of this design is that it is also less efficient and expensive. You will need to assemble more panels in a large roof if you want to enjoy a higher level of efficiency. It also requires professional installation, especially if it is going to be installed in a large roof.
It is not enough that you install solar panels at home. At the end of the day, there are important factors that should be taken into account, making it easy to differentiate one from the other. For instance, you have to look at the cost and the reputation of the manufacturer. More importantly, as it has been discussed earlier, you should consider the specific design of the panels. Design is essential because it is going to be indicative of ease of installation, durability, and power efficiency, among other things. Choose a design that is suitable for your needs and budget. Orchoose suitable solar panel for your requirements here